Our Ocean Protection Campaigns address a variety of issues that impact ocean ecosystem health and health issues for ocean recreation. Ocean ecosystem health is important to sustain and improve the ocean’s incredible capacity to control climate change by sequestering CO2 and to protect the health of marine mammals and fisheries.
We currently have two active campaigns: the Chumash Heritage National Sanctuary and Restore the SLO Creek Estuary.
Protecting the Ocean’s Ability to Control Climate Change
Overall, the ocean sequesters a significant amount of the carbon that is emitted into the atmosphere, helping to slow the rate of climate change. However, the ocean's ability to sequester carbon is not unlimited, and ongoing increases in atmospheric CO2 levels are leading to ocean acidification, which can have negative impacts on marine ecosystems. Here are a few ways that the ocean sequesters carbon:
There are several factors related to carbon sequestration that are harming the ocean, including:
The ocean's blue carbon ecosystems, such as mangroves, seagrasses, and salt marshes, sequester atmospheric CO2 through a process called carbon sequestration. Here's how it works:
Overall, human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and land-use changes are leading to increased carbon emissions and climate change, which is having significant impacts on the ocean's ability to sequester carbon. Blue carbon ecosystems are a crucial part of the global carbon cycle, helping to sequester significant amounts of atmospheric CO2. However, these ecosystems are under threat from climate change, pollution, and habitat loss. Protecting and restoring these ecosystems is essential for mitigating climate change and preserving marine biodiversity. Protecting and restoring marine ecosystems and reducing greenhouse gas emissions are crucial for preserving the ocean's ability to sequester carbon and mitigate the impacts of climate change.
One important way to protect our oceans is through the use of Marine Protected Areas, or MPAs. MPAs are beneficial for the oceans and the planet in many ways- they protect our kelp forests, which are both critical habitat and provide environmental services such as water filtration, shoreline armoring, and oxygen production; they allow fish to grow and spawn in safety; and can help degraded ecosystems regrow.
In the U.S. we have a system of Marine Protected Areas called National Marine Sanctuaries. The NMS system is managed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and currently includes more than 620,000 square miles of marine environment.
The proposed Chumash Heritage National Marine Sanctuary would be the first Indigenous-led NMS- right here in San Luis Obispo County! Indigenous peoples steward 80% of the world’s biodiversity, and recognizing their traditional rights and contributions to protecting our planet is critical for environmental justice and true sustainability.
More information about the work SLO Surfrider has done to support the designation of the Chumash Heritage National Marine Sanctuary can be found here.
Restore the SLO Creek Estuary
An estuary is a place where a river or creek flows into the ocean. These areas are subject to variable water salinity (as freshwater mixes with saltwater) and often have a great deal of sediment at the mouth of the river, creating mudflats or marshes. Many organisms are specially adapted to live in estuarine environments, where the mixing fresh and salt water creates brackish water.
Estuaries are critical pieces of our ocean world. They provide habitat, breeding grounds, and feeding areas for many species- most of the fish and shellfish eaten in the United States, including salmon, herring, and oysters, complete at least part of their life cycles in estuaries (source).
In San Luis Obispo County, we have three major estuaries: the Morro Bay Estuary, which is part of the National Estuary Program, the Pismo creek estuary, and the San Luis Obispo Creek estuary in Avila beach.
The San Luis Obispo Creek estuary has been developed: a golf course sits along the banks of the creek near the mouth, contributing to erosion of the banks due to a lack of deep-rooted plants such as the trees and native plants that would have been found in the estuary prior to development. Now, Avila Beach Resort, owner of the Golf Course, intends to build a mega-resort on the golf course that would be the largest lodging, entertainment, and hospitality complex on the beach front in California.
Surfrider opposes these developments. Healthy estuaries depend on functioning ecosystems, not golf course grass. Additionally, increased human activity would mean increased runoff- from pesticides and other chemicals being used to maintain the grounds, as well as a likely increase in plastic waste and other trash littering the estuary during and after events.
Questions? Reach out to firstname.lastname@example.org for more information or to get involved in the campaign to protect the San Luis Obispo Creek estuary!